Francis Patten Gracey1,2,3

ID# 487, (1834 - 1895)
FatherMathew Lyon Gracey4,5,6 (13 Dec 1809 - 2 Jan 1850)
MotherMaria A. Tilford4,7,6 (15 Jun 1813 - 16 Nov 1847)

Key Events:

Birth: 30 Jun 1834, Eddyville, Caldwell Co., Kentucky8,9,10,11
Marriage: Irene Cobb, 10 Nov 1857, Clarksville, Montgomery Co., Tennessee12,13,14
Death: 27 Apr 1895, Clarksville, Montgomery Co., Tennessee15,16
Burial: Greenwood Cemetery, Clarksville, Montgomery Co., Tennessee3

Spouse:Irene Cobb (31 Jul 1836 - 31 Mar 1906)
     Child:

ChartsDescendants of Linah and Rebeccah (Davis) Mims
Descendants of Gideon Cobb

Copyright Notice

Narrative:

     
Frank P. Gracey
from Picturesque Clarksville17
He was almost universally known in his adult life as Capt. Frank Patton Gracey.3,18,19 Francis Patten Gracey was born on 30 Jun 1834 in Eddyville, Caldwell Co., Kentucky.8,9,10,11
     He was probably one of the two males age 5 to10 listed in the household of his father, Mathew Lyon Gracey, in the 1840 Federal Census of Caldwell Co., Kentucky.20
     Frank was became a clerk in Hickman, Kentucky in 1850. In 1852 he took the position of clerk on the steamer America, a boat operating between Nashville and New Orleans. He was connected to steamboating in various capacities until the time of his marriage.7
     He appeared on the 1850 Federal Census of District No. 1, Caldwell Co., Kentucky, in the household of his father, Mathew Lyon Gracey.21,22
     Francis married Irene Cobb, daughter of Dr. Joshua Cobb and Julia Ann Mims, on 10 Nov 1857 in Clarksville, Montgomery Co., Tennessee, with Rev. A. Mizell officiating.12,13,14
     After their marriage, Francis and Irene Cobb settled in Eddyville where he carried on his mercantile and tobacco business, which he continued until he joined the Confederate service.17 They appeared on the 1860 Federal Census of Eddyville, Lyon Co., Kentucky, enumerated 11 Aug 1860, reporting real estate of $600 and personal estate of $895. Their son Julien was listed as living with them, as well as his sister and brother, Ellen and Matthew, and three laborers, one from Ireland and two from Scotland, who appear to have been employees.23

Distinguished Military Service --- Text Stolen from ReigelRidge.com !! ---


     Frank enlisted as a 2nd Lt. in Company F, Third Kentucky Infantry, on 16 Jul 1861, at Camp Boone, Tennessee, because the neutrality of Kentucky forbade the formation of military units in the state. The unit was soon ordered to Bowling Green, Kentucky, where Company F was detailed to take charge of light artillery. He was commissioned as an officer in the 1st Kentucky Light Artillery, Capt. H. B. Lyon's unit, 16 Jul, and promoted to 1st Lt. 30 Sep. When Capt. Lyon was promoted later that year, his wife's cousin, Maj. Robert H. Cobb assumed command. After he was promoted to Major in Apr 1864 Frank was promoted to Captain and became commander of the battery, which continued to be generally known as Cobb's Battery.24,25,26
     On 15 Nov 1861, while he was stationed in Bowling Green, Kentucky, he obtained leave for two days to go to Clarksville to visit his family there and "make permanent arrangement for their future comfort and protection."27 Cobb's Battery took part in all the heavy battles of the Western army. Frank was slightly wounded in several engagements, and seriously wounded at Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia. That battle took place from 19 Jun through 2 Jul 1864, with over 67,000 soldiers killed, wounded, or captured.28,29,30
     The Battery returned to the Tennessee River where Captain Gracey's most notable exploit occurred. On 29 Oct 1864 the Federal steamboat Mazeppa, on her maiden voyage and towing a barge, both heavily loaded with "a valuable cargo of quartermaster's and subsistence stores," was making its way from Cincinnati to Johnsonville, Tennessee. Artillery fire disabled the boat, which then went aground on the shore opposite the Confederate positions. No boat being available, Capt. Gracey, using a small log for a float, swam across the river alone and captured the disabled boat. He managed to get it across the river, were it was burned after the cargo was landed.31,32
     Frank was recommended for promotion to Colonel of Cavalry in Feb 1865 by Gen. Lyon, citing his service "as an Artillery officer in all the great battle in Tennessee Miss and Georgia and as a Cavalry Officer has served with General Forrest in Middle Tennessee and two raids into Kentucky."33 He was part of the Western army when it was surrendered at Paris, Tennessee on 14 May 1865.34,35

Settling in Clarksville --- Text Stolen from ReigelRidge.com !! ---


     Local lore tells us that after the War Capt. Gracey was prohibited by the terms of his parole after surrender from going north of the Tennessee line (or north of the Ohio River by another account) without special permit of the Secretary of War, so he could not return to his businesses in Eddyville. But, while his parole has not been found, his signature, dated 22 May 1865 and showing his residence as Lyon Co., Kentucky, appears on a "Roll of Prisoners of war, who Voluntarily surrendered themselves, took the Oath of Allegiance, and were allowed to return to their homes."36,37,38
Frank Gracey's tombstone
photo by authors
Whether that was the reason or not, Frank and Irene settled in Clarksville after the War.39,40
     His brother Matthew joined him there and they established the firm of F. P. Gracey & Brother. In Feb 1866, they established a wharf-boat business on the Cumberland River at the foot of Marion St., the first and for many years only one in Clarksville. Matt was in charge of the office and Capt. Frank the outside business. They dealt in coal, hay, corn, salt, and other products. Their business employed many wagons and drays, and in 1869 they organized the Clarksville Transportation Company, which enabled them to contract with the Louisville & Nashville Railroad to deliver freight being shipped to Clarksville. This ended the former practice requiring merchants to take delivery at the depot and arrange their own cartage. As many as 50 to 60 wagons and drays were used by the firm.41,40,42
     Frank built the Gracey Warehouse, a large brick building, at the corner of Second and Commerce Sts., in 1878. It was later known as the Queen City Warehouse. He purchased the Grange Warehouse, claimed to be the largest warehouse in the world, in 1884. In 1890 he founded the Gracey-Woodard Iron Furnace on 75 acres in the city of Clarksville. He had interests in coal mining, The Clarksville Water Company, the Clarksville Gas Company, and a street railway.43,39 He was President of the ambitiously named Indiana, Alabama & Texas Railroad when it's stock was acquired by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad in Aug 1888. The line, incorporated in 1882, had constructed its line only from Clarksville part way to Princeton, Kentucky when it was acquired.44,45
     Frank and Irene appeared on the 1870 Federal Census of Clarksville, Montgomery Co., Tennessee, enumerated 28 Jun 1870, reporting real estate of $10,000 and personal estate of $6,000. The household also included seven apparent boarders, all but one black, perhaps some as household help. Their son Julien Frank was listed as living with them, as was his brother, Matthew Gracey Jr.46
     Frank and Irene appeared on the 1880 Federal Census of Clarksville, Montgomery Co., Tennessee, enumerated 14 Jun 1880, with three black laborers, one male and two female. Their son Julien was listed as living with them.47
     Francis died on 27 Apr 1895 in Clarksville, Montgomery Co., Tennessee, at age 60.15,16 He was buried in Greenwood Cemetery, Clarksville, Montgomery Co., Tennessee, in his lot.3

Citations

  1. [S728] Montgomery Co. Marriage Register, vol. 3, pg 47, no. 417, Francis P. Gracey to Irene Cobb, 9 Nov 1857.
  2. [S1821] Mathew Gracy household, 1850 U.S. Census, Caldwell Co., Kentucky, shows name as Francis P. Gracy.
  3. [S3365] Frank Patten Gracey grave marker, Greenwood Cemetery.
  4. [S1003] Hardin, "Captain James Patton, Ancestors and Descendants," pg 238.
  5. [S1821] Mathew Gracy household, 1850 U.S. Census, Caldwell Co., Kentucky, shows them in the same household, apparently as father and child.
  6. [S2101] Moore and Foster, Tennessee the Volunteer State, 3:38.
  7. [S645] Titus, Picturesque Clarksville, pg 402.
  8. [S3385] Ross, Luckett, Tyler, Lewis and Gracey, The Capture of the Mazeppa, shows date, as 30th, town, and state.
  9. [S2101] Moore and Foster, Tennessee the Volunteer State, 3:38, shows date, as 31st, town, and state.
  10. [S944] Davis, Folk Finders, citing History of Tennessee Illustrated, shows date, as 30th, town, and state.
  11. [S1821] Mathew Gracy household, 1850 U.S. Census, Caldwell Co., Kentucky, shows age 15, county, and state.
  12. [S728] Montgomery Co. Marriage Register, vol. 3, pg 47, no. 417, Francis P. Gracey to Irene Cobb, 9 Nov 1857, return show date, as 10th.
  13. [S944] Davis, Folk Finders, "Marriages 201-300," citing Clarksville Weekly Chronicle, 13 Nov 1857, shows date and officiant.
  14. [S3369] Williams, Cabins to Castles, pg 188, shows date, as 11 Sep 1857.
  15. [S1003] Hardin, "Captain James Patton, Ancestors and Descendants," pg 238, shows date, town, and state.
  16. [S3365] Frank Patten Gracey grave marker, Greenwood Cemetery, shows year.
  17. [S645] Titus, Picturesque Clarksville, pg 403.
  18. [S1003] Hardin, "Captain James Patton, Ancestors and Descendants," pg 238, shows name as Frank Patton Gracey.
  19. [S645] Titus, Picturesque Clarksville, pg 402, shows name as Captain Frank Patton Gracey.
  20. [S786] Matthew Gracy household, 1840 U.S. Census, Caldwell Co., Kentucky.
  21. [S1821] Mathew Gracy household, 1850 U.S. Census, Caldwell Co., Kentucky.
  22. [S1746] Mathew Gracey, owner, 1850 U.S. Census, Caldwell Co., Kentucky, slave schedule.
  23. [S570] Francis P. Gracey household, 1860 U.S. Census, Lyon Co., Kentucky.
  24. [S3377] Frank P. Gracy, Compiled Service Records, Confederate, Kentucky, Company Muster Roll card for 30 Sep to 31 Dec 1861, shows enlistment date and place, rank as 1st Lt.; Inspection Report card, Aug 1864, shows rank as Capt.
  25. [S90] "U.S. Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles," Ancestry.com, record for Frank P Gracey, citing Kentucky Adjutant General, Confederate Kentucky Volunteers War 1861-65 (Frankfort: State Journal, 1915), shows date, place, and rank at enlistment, commissioned, and promotion to 1st Lt.
  26. [S645] Titus, Picturesque Clarksville, pg 403, shows enlistment year and place, and unit.
  27. [S3377] Frank P. Gracy, Compiled Service Records, Confederate, Kentucky, letter 15 Nov 1861, F. P. Gracey to Maj. G. B. Cosby.
  28. [S3384] "Kennesaw Mountain", shows dates of battle and toll.
  29. [S3385] Ross, Luckett, Tyler, Lewis and Gracey, The Capture of the Mazeppa, shows role of battery and injuries.
  30. [S3377] Frank P. Gracy, Compiled Service Records, Confederate, Kentucky, Inspection Report card for Aug 1864, shows absent commissioned officers wounded and sent to hospitial, apparently referring to him.
  31. [S3385] Ross, Luckett, Tyler, Lewis and Gracey, The Capture of the Mazeppa, contains copy of letter from Capt. Gracey to Capt. John W. Morton, undated but some considerable time after the War, describing his actions.
  32. [S3386] United States Naval War Records Office, Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies, vol 26, pg 624, shows origin and destination, cargo, and burned.
  33. [S3377] Frank P. Gracy, Compiled Service Records, Confederate, Kentucky, letter 5 Feb 1865, Brig. Gen. H. B. Lyon to J. A. Seddon, Secretary of War.
  34. [S3377] Frank P. Gracy, Compiled Service Records, Confederate, Kentucky, Oath of Allegiance card, shows date and place.
  35. [S645] Titus, Picturesque Clarksville, pg 403, shows surrender.
  36. [S645] Titus, Picturesque Clarksville, pg 403, shows he was prohibited from going north of the Tennessee line without permission of the Secretary of War.
  37. [S3385] Ross, Luckett, Tyler, Lewis and Gracey, The Capture of the Mazeppa, pg 23, shows his parol prohibited him from going north of the Ohio river without special permission of the Secretary of War.
  38. [S3377] Frank P. Gracy, Compiled Service Records, Confederate, Kentucky, Oath of Allegiance card.
  39. [S645] Titus, Picturesque Clarksville, pg 404.
  40. [S3369] Williams, Cabins to Castles, pg 188.
  41. [S645] Titus, Picturesque Clarksville, pp 403-4.
  42. [S944] Davis, Folk Finders, citing Clarksville City Directory 1895, shows him as partner at Gracey & Bro., wharf boat, coal dealer, grain commissioner, and contracting agent for L&N Railroad, and citing History of Tennessee Illustrated, shows under Businesses in Clarksville, 1886, F.P. Gracey & Bro. listed under "Coal and Wood, and under "Steamboat Agents."
  43. [S3369] Williams, Cabins to Castles, pp 188-9.
  44. [S3424] Sulzer, Ghost Railroads of Kentucky, pg 116, shows incorporation, acquisition.
  45. [S3425] Rennick, Kentucky Place Names, pg 120, shows him as President, acquistion.
  46. [S1774] F. P. Gracey household, 1870 U.S. Census, Montgomery Co., Tennessee.
  47. [S1904] F. P. Gracey household, 1880 U.S. Census, Montgomery Co., Tennessee.
  48. [S3123] Julian F. Gracey, Certificate of Death.
  49. [S1003] Hardin, "Captain James Patton, Ancestors and Descendants," pg 239.