Frederick Henry Skinner1,2,3

ID# 2574, (1815 - 1893)
FatherDr. Henry Skinner4,5 ( - 22 Jun 1819)
MotherAurelia Lyon6,4,5 (27 May 1790 - Sep 1821 or Oct 1821)

Key Events:

Birth: 22 Jun 1815, Eddyville, Caldwell Co., Kentucky7,8,9
Marriage: Helen M. Catlett, 26 Jul 1843, Caldwell Co., Kentucky10,11,12
Death: 6 Apr 189313
Burial: Riverview Cemetery, Eddyville, Lyon Co., Kentucky13

Spouse: Helen M. Catlett (Jun 1822 - about 1902)
     Children:

  • Thomas Catlett Skinner32,33,34 (14 Jun 1844 - 9 Jun 1910)
  • Isabella Skinner32,33,34 (abt 1848 - abt 1860)
  • Aurelia Skinner32,33,34 (Sep 1849 - )
  • Marion Skinner34 (abt 1856 - abt 1860)
  • Helen M. Skinner34 (abt 1858 - abt 1863)
  • Giles L. Skinner34 (abt Feb 1860 - abt Nov 1860)
  • Hylan Skinner35,31 (abt 1865 - )

Copyright Notice

Narrative:

     Frederick Henry Skinner was born on 22 Jun 1815 in Eddyville, Caldwell Co., Kentucky.7,8,9 He was four years old at his father's death, when he was taken charge of and reared by his uncle, Matthew Lyon, who sent him to the country schools, and afterward to Princeton, where the youth obtained a competent business education. After that, until becoming of age, he was a book-keeper and salesman for the firm of Lyon & Cobb.14 He was named an heir in the will of his father, Dr. Henry Skinner dated 10 Jun 1819 in Eddyville, to receive an equal share, with his mother and sister, of the personal property, land and negros and half his mother's share at her death.15 He was named an heir in the will of his mother, Aurelia Lyon, dated 15 Sep 1821, to receive, equally with his sister, all property other than the negro girl Jane.6
"Rose Hill," built by Robert L. Cobb about 1832
now the Lyon Co. Historical Society
Frederick and his wife at one point owned lot no. 7 in Eddyville, with a house known as "Rose Hill," built by Robert Livingston Cobb on 26 Jan 1844, and later purchased by Frederick's father-in-law. It remained in the family until it was acquired by the State of Kentucky in 1952 and was used as housing for the employees of the adjacent Kentucky State Penitentiary. After being declared surplus by the state, it was given to the Lyon County Historical Society, which now uses it to house a museum.16,17
     Frederick was mentioned in the will of his uncle, Matthew Lyon Jr., dated 22 Dec 1834.18 At twenty-one he went East and purchased a stock of goods for the new firm of Lyon & Skinner - the senior member being Chittenden Lyon. The firm continued a successful business until the death of Mr. Lyon, when Mr. Skinner assumed control of the entire business, together with its heavy mail contracts. Mr. Skinner gave the people a daily instead of a tri-weekly mail, as called for in the contract, running very successfully a line of four-horse coaches on the route between Smithland and Nashville, Tenn., and controlled this route, besides many other mail contracts throughout the First Congressional District, until selling out at the completion of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad, in 1860.14,19 He was named an executrix in the codicil of his uncle, Chittenden Lyon, dated 28 Jun 1839.20
     Frederick married Helen M. Catlett, daughter of Thomas Washington Catlett and Isabella Field Helm, on 26 Jul 1843 in Caldwell Co., Kentucky.10,11,12
     Frederick and Helen M. Catlett appeared on the 1850 Federal Census of Caldwell Co., Kentucky, enumerated 14 Sep 1850, reporting real estate valued at $1700, and 20 slaves, aged 8 months to 72 year. Their children Thomas, Isabella and Aurelia were listed as living with them, as were his sister, Beulah Lyon Skinner, and two of his mother's brother Mathew's sons, Matthew Martin Lyon and Gen. Hylan Benton Lyon. Frederick is shown as a hotel keeper, and there are nine other apparently permanent residents listed as well, including the future portrait painter James Thomas Poindexter.21,22
     In 1854 he began the study of law, and was admitted to the bar the following year; and the same year was elected county judge, a position he held for sixteen years. Upon his retirement from the judgeship he gave his attention to business enterprises, doing a general brokerage business and dealing in agricultural implements. He has served the people as town trustee, and was a justice of the peace when the county was first organized. He was a member in high standing of the Masonic fraternity, belonging to the Royal Arch Chapter. His influence was actively given in behalf of prohibition, and other enterprises calculated for the good of the general masses received his willing and material support. He possessed a fine 1,200 acre farm property in the county, and also owned a large amount of town property.14,23,24,25
     Frederick and Helen appeared on the 1860 Federal Census of Eddyville, Lyon Co., Kentucky, enumerated 10 Jul 1860, reporting real estate valued at $5000, personal estate of $53,195. Their children Thomas, Isabella, Aurelia, Marion, Helen and Giles were listed as living with them, as were his sister Beulah, her brother James, and her sister Letitia and her husband William W. Pinner. He also reported owning 10 slaves, in 2 slave houses, with two reported as fugitives from the state.26,27
     In partnership with Chittenden Lyon, Frederick built a large brick building on a part of lot No. 12 in Eddyville, owned by Chittenden and Caleb Clark Cobb. On 17 Jan 1841 he purchased Caleb's half interest in the land for $100.28 He purchased the ware house in Eddyville long owned by the Cobb family on 17 Nov 1869, for $3,000.29
     Frederick and Helen appeared on the 1870 Federal Census of Eddyville, Lyon Co., Kentucky, enumerated 4 Jul 1870, reporting real estate valued at $12,000 and personal estate of $38,000. Their children Aurelia and Hylan were listed as living with them, as was his sister, Beulah Lyon Skinner.30
     Frederick and Helen appeared on the 1880 Federal Census of Eddyville, Lyon Co., Kentucky, enumerated 29 Jun 1880. Their son Hylan was listed as living with them, as was his sister Beulah, and two servants, Minnie L. Young, age 9, and Cassie Stacey, age 18.31
     Frederick died on 6 Apr 1893 at age 77.13 He was buried in Riverview Cemetery, Eddyville, Lyon Co., Kentucky.13

Citations

  1. [S875] Caldwell Co. Wills,, A:392, Aurelia Skinner will, 15 Sep 1821, shows name as Frederick Henry Skinner.
  2. [S875] Caldwell Co. Wills,, A:332-3, Henry Skinner will, 10 Jun 1819, shows name as Frederick Skinner.
  3. [S2309] Lyon County Historical Society, Cemeteries of Lyon County, pg 276, shows name as Frederick Henry Skinner.
  4. [S875] Caldwell Co. Wills,, A:332-3, Henry Skinner will, 10 Jun 1819, shows him as one of "our children."
  5. [S49] Freeman, Family File "David and Deborah.GED," 31 Jul 1998.
  6. [S875] Caldwell Co. Wills,, A:392, Aurelia Skinner will, 15 Sep 1821.
  7. [S49] Freeman, Family File "David and Deborah.GED," 31 Jul 1998, shows date, town, county, and state, and quotes Battle, Perrin & Kniffin, Kentucky: A History of the State, 3rd ed. (Lyon Co., 1886) with the same information.
  8. [S1827] F. H. Skinner household, 1850 U.S. Census, Caldwell Co., Kentucky, shows age 34, county, and state.
  9. [S875] Caldwell Co. Wills,, B:30-1, Mathew Lyon Will, 18 Feb 1839, in an attached request to his brother Chittenden regarding closing his accounts as gardian of the Skinner children, states Freric will be of age on 22 Jun 1836.
  10. [S2704] "Kentucky Marriages, 1785-1979," FamilySearch.org, citing FHL #851644, shows date, as 26 Jul 1843, county, and state.
  11. [S49] Freeman, Family File "David and Deborah.GED," 31 Jul 1998, shows date as 16 Jun 1842 and quotes Battle, Perrin & Kniffin, Kentucky: A History of the State, 3rd ed. (Lyon Co., 1886) with the same information.
  12. [S1827] F. H. Skinner household, 1850 U.S. Census, Caldwell Co., Kentucky, shows them apparently living as husband and wife.
  13. [S2309] Lyon County Historical Society, Cemeteries of Lyon County, pg 276.
  14. [S49] Freeman, Family File "David and Deborah.GED," 31 Jul 1998, citing Battle, Perrin & Kniffin, Kentucky: A History of the State, 3rd ed. (Lyon Co., 1886).
  15. [S875] Caldwell Co. Wills,, A:332-3, Henry Skinner will, 10 Jun 1819.
  16. [S1975] Caldwell Co. Deeds, G:160, Noel Watkins & wife Sarah M. to Robert L. Cobb dated 16 Oct 1832, $70 for lot #7 in Eddyville; G:284-5, Berry Hodge of Union Co. to Robert L. Cobb dated 17 Dec 1833, $1 for lot #7 in Eddyville, clearing title of lot Cobb bought from Watkins because no conveyance from Hodge to Watkins was recorded; and M:47, Robert L. Cobb & wife Cornelia B. to Thomas W. Catlett dated 26 Jan 1844, $3500 for lot #7 in Eddyville.
  17. [S2001] Walker, "Rose Hill -- The Cobb House," pp 38-9, shows that Cobb built the house about 1832, sold it to Catlett in 1844, who owned it until 1897, when it became the property of his granddaughter Belle Minner Hussey, bought by the state in 1952 and used for housing until given to the Historical Society.
  18. [S875] Caldwell Co. Wills,, B:30-1, Mathew Lyon Will, 18 Feb 1839.
  19. [S1827] F. H. Skinner household, 1850 U.S. Census, Caldwell Co., Kentucky, shows occupation as hotel keeper.
  20. [S875] Caldwell Co. Wills,, B:57-9, Chittenden Lyon Will, 21 Nov 1842.
  21. [S1827] F. H. Skinner household, 1850 U.S. Census, Caldwell Co., Kentucky.
  22. [S1748] F. H. Skinner, owner, 1850 U.S. Census, Caldwell Co., Kentucky, slave schedule.
  23. [S1815] Frederich H. Skinner household, 1860 U.S. Census, Lyon Co., Kentucky, shows occupation as lawyer and county judge.
  24. [S573] Fred Skinner household, 1870 U.S. Census, Lyon Co., Kentucky, shows occupation as com. merchant.
  25. [S3082] F. H. Skinner household, 1880 U.S. Census, Lyon Co., Kentucky, shows occupation as commission merchant.
  26. [S1815] Frederich H. Skinner household, 1860 U.S. Census, Lyon Co., Kentucky.
  27. [S1679] F. H. Skinner, owner, 1860 U.S. Census, Lyon Co., Kentucky, slave schedule.
  28. [S1975] Caldwell Co. Deeds, E:141-2, Thomas Gordon & wife Elizabeth W. to Chittenden Lyon & Caleb C. Cobb dated 11 Nov 1826 $500 for lot 13 and part of lot 12 in Eddyville; E:351-3, James L Dallam, commissioner in chancery to same dated 21 Mar 1828, land on Lick Creek in settlement of order of Circuit Court in Sep 1827 term; E:355-7, same to same dated 20 Jun 1828, two tracks on Lick Creek in settlement of order in same court Mar 1827 term; F:126, Chittenden Lyon & Caleb C. Cobb to Cader Harrel dated 12 Nov 1829, #360 for 360 ac. on Lick Creek; G:335, Chittenden Lyon & Caleb C. Cobb to James N. Gracey dated 16 Nov 1833, #359 for lot #13 in Eddyville; and K:63, Caleb C. Cobb to Frederich H. Skinner, $100 for ½ interest in part of lot #12 in Eddyville, on which Skinner and Lyon had erected a large brick building.
  29. [S3152] Lyon Co. Deeds, D:96-8, Joshua C. Cobb and Willis B. Machen to Frederick H. Skinner, 18 Nov 1869.
  30. [S573] Fred Skinner household, 1870 U.S. Census, Lyon Co., Kentucky.
  31. [S3082] F. H. Skinner household, 1880 U.S. Census, Lyon Co., Kentucky.
  32. [S49] Freeman, Family File "David and Deborah.GED," 31 Jul 1998, and quotes Battle, Perrin & Kniffin, Kentucky: A History of the State, 3rd ed. (Lyon Co., 1886) showing same.
  33. [S1827] F. H. Skinner household, 1850 U.S. Census, Caldwell Co., Kentucky, shows them apparently living as parent and child.
  34. [S1815] Frederich H. Skinner household, 1860 U.S. Census, Lyon Co., Kentucky, shows them in the same household, apparently as parent and child.
  35. [S573] Fred Skinner household, 1870 U.S. Census, Lyon Co., Kentucky, shows them apparently living as parent and child.