Caldwell County

This page created 11 Jan 2013

Tax Lists – 1809 to 1813

The records below focus on entries involving the following persons. I have endeavored to find all entries involving them from the establishment of Caldwell Co. on 1 May 1809 until 1848. Because the records are not indexed, and are handwritten and difficult to read, some were no doubt missed.

Gideon Dyer Cobb Moved to Eddyville from Fair Haven, Vermont as part of the party organized by Matthew Lyon about 1800, with his wife Modena Chittenden Clark, and their eldest son, Caleb.
Samuel C. Clark Lived with Gideon, and is assumed to be a relative of Gideon's wife, but that is unproved.
Matthew Lyon Organizer of the move to Eddyville, second husband of Modena (Clark) Cobb's aunt, Beulah Chittenden.
Chittenden Lyon Eldest son of Matthew Lyon by his second wife, Beulah Chittenden.
Matthew Lyon, Jr. Second son of Matthew Lyon by his second wife, Beulah Chittenden.
Elijah G. Galusha Cousin to Modena (Clark) Cobb; son of her aunt Beulah Chittenden by her first marriage.
John Hallick Married Gideon and Modena's daughter Hannah; nothing is known of his history before he arrived in Eddyville.
Hanson Catlett Married Matthew Lyon's daughter Minervia; may have been part of the party from Vermont.
John W. Throop A member of the party from Vermont, father of Lucy, wife of Elijah Galusha.
Griffin Long Father of the second wife of Gideon and Modena Cobb's eldest son, Caleb.
Josiah Cobb Unrelated to the Cobbs of Vermont, left a widow Ann in 1817.

Because of the volumne of data, the Caldwell County books are broken into the following sections:

1809-1813
this page
1814-1818 1819-1823 1824-1828 1829-1835 1836-1841 1842-1845 1845-1848

The tax lists were made annually, listing the various items subject to tax. Note that the sequence of the columns in the right half of the chart is different in some years. The terms "ditto" it's abbreviation "do," and "same" generally mean "the same as above," though in the "in whose name surveyed/patented" columns it apparently means same as the column to the left.

The three "rates" for acreage reflect land with different value; different tax rates were applied to the three grades of land.

The "in whose name entered" column is supposed to record the name of the person who requested a survey of a parcel to be claimed under rights obtained for military service or by purchase from the Commonwealth. Such rights were frequently sold or transferred, often multiple times, before a specific parcel was defined by a survey. If the rights were sold after the entry, but before the survey was issued, the "in whose name surveyed" is supposed to record in whose name the survey was issued. If the rights were sold after the survey but before the patent (deed from the state) was issued, and the "in whose name patented" column is supposed to record the name in which the patent was finally issued. It was most commonly left blank, presumably indicating that the patent was issued to the same person who had the parcel surveyed.

The "rate of covering" column, also known as "rate per season," refers to the breeding of horses. The tax payer had to pay taxes on the amount he charged for stud fees.

It appears that some items supposedly subject to tax were not recorded each year. For example, the County Court Orders show Gideon D. Cobb obtaining his tavern license many more years than recorded below. In the later years below, the date column is present, but not populated. In some cases the images are unclear, and ink bleeding through from the reverse side makes reading difficult. Therefor some of the information below may be in error, particularly the names in the "in whose name entered" columns.

More on taxation and tax lists in this period can be found in an article by Kandie Adkinson on the Kentucky Secretary of State website.

1809:

Page Persons name Lands County Water course In whose names White above 21 Blacks above 16 Total Blacks Horses Stud horses Rates of covering Taverns Retail store Town lots Value of town lots Carriages No wheels
1st rate 2nd rate 3rd rate Entered Surveyed Patented
4 Cobb & Clark      

 

        2     2     1   4 $200    
10 Mathew Lyon     1000

Hopkins

Trade Water E Doss same same                        
  200   Living- ston   R P Johnson same same                        
    200 same same same same same                        
  200   same Eddy Ck Jo Roberts same same                        
    200 same same T Madox same same                        
    100 same same J Hardten                            
    200 same same J Pain                            
    200 same same E Macher                            
    200 same same R Delany same same                        
    188 same same E Rutter same same                        
    123 same same J Mar same same                        
    400 same same W Stewart same same                        
  50   same same T Dobbins                            
    70 same same N Dodd                            
    200 same same I Robern same same                        
    200 same same Jno Yaylor same same                        
    200 same same same same same                        
    200 same same J White same same                        
    30   Living- ston Eddy                              
    200 same same J White same same                        
    400 same same D McMahon                            
    200 same same                              
    175 same same       1 4 10 8       1 40 $400    
totals   480 4656 = 5136                                
5 Hanson Catlett     250 Caldwell Eddy Ck       1                      
23 John W Throop                 1               2 100    
14 Griffin Long     400 Living- ston Spring Ck G Long     1     5                
    200 same Crab Ck Jas Berry                            

1810:

Page Persons name Lands County Water course In whose names White above 21 Blacks above 16 Total Blacks Horses mares Stud horses Rates of covering Retail store Tavern Licenses Value of town lots Wheel carriages
1st rate 2nd rate 3rd rate Entered Surveyed Patented
8 Cobb & Clark      

 

        2     1         $250  
13 Elijah G Galusha     200 Caldwell Hamonds Ck Enoch Mades E Mades   1     3            
21 Matthew Lyon     1000

Hopkins

Trade Water Edwd Davse Edwd Davse Edwd Davse                    
  200   Caldwell   R P Johnson same same                    
    200 same                            
  200   same                            
22     200 Caldwell                            
    1000                              
    2650                              
  500   Caldwell         1 2 7 9     1   $350  
totals   900 5050 = 5950                            
21 Chitendin Lyon     375 same Lick Ck                          
33 John Throop Senr                 1                  
33 John Throop Jnr                 1     1         $80  
20 Griffin Long     400 Caldwell Spring Ck Griffin Long     1     5            

1811:

Page Date Name Lands County Water course In whose names White above 21 Blacks above 16 Total Blacks Horses mares Stud horses Rates of covering Retail store Tavern Licenses Value of town lots Wheel carriages
1st rate 2nd rate 3rd rate Entered Surveyed Patented
8 8 Jun Cobb & Clark      

 

        2             1 $200  
26 20 Jun Matthew Lyon     1000

Hopkins

N fork Tradewater Edwd Dause Edwd Dause Edwd Dause                    
  200   Caldwell Cumberland River Peter Johnson Peter Johnson David Walker                    
    200 same same same same same                    
  200   same Eddy Ck Jos Robison Sam Waie Buly Lyon                    
    200 same same John Maddox M Lyon                      
    200 same same Danl Haytela same M Lyon                    
    100 same same A Matthews M Lyon                      
    200 same same Joel Pain same                      
    200 same same Robt Dobbins                        
    200 same same John Swift John Swift                      
    188 same same Edwd Rutter Wm C Rogers                      
    123 same same Saml Ware Saml Ware                      
    400 same same May Stewart May Stewart                      
  50   same same John Dobbins Robt Dobbins M Lyon                    
    74 same same Margaret Woods Jas T White                      
    200 same same Isiac Robison John Swift M Lyon Jnr                    
    200 same same John Taylor                        
    200 same same same                        
    200 same Lick Ck James T White M Lyon                      
  30   same same David Davidson David Davidson D Davidson                    
    400 same Dryfork Eddy Ck Danl McArthur John McArthur                      
    200 same Skinframe John Packey                        
  1000   same Cumberland River Whitehead Coleman W Coleman W Coleman 1 3 12 7     1   $200  
  totals   1480 4485 = 5965                            
27 1 Jun Chittenden Lyon     200 Caldwell Lick Ck Clay Gustavus Grubbs C Lyon                    
    75 same same Nancy Ware Nancy Ware   1               $200  
17 18 May Elijah G Galusha   5 400           1     5            
8 29 Jul Hanson Catlett     800                              
  200                             $400  
41 8 May John W Throop Senr                 1     1            
41 8 May John W Throop Junr                                 $30  
28 30 May Griffin Long     400 Caldwell Spring Ck G Long G Long   1     3            

1812:

Page Date Name Land County Water course In whose names White above 21 Blacks above 16 Total Blacks Horses mares Stud horses Rates of covering Retail store Tavern Licenses Value of town lots Wheel carriages
1st rate 2nd rate 3rd rate Entered Surveyed Patented
9 Sep Cobb & Clark      

 

        2     2         $100  
24   Matthew Lyon   200   same Cumberland River Peter Johnston Peter Johnston David Walker                    
    200 same same same same same                    
  1000   same same Whitehead Coleman W Coleman W Coleman                    
  200   same Eddy Ck Jos Robison M Lyon M Lyon                    
    200 same same John Middux M Lyon M Lyon                    
    200 same same Danl Hayston M Lyon M Lyon                    
    100 same same A Matthews same                      
    200 same same Jacob Pain same                      
    200 same same Robt Dobbins R Dobbins                      
    200 same same John Swift John Swift                      
    188 same same Edmon Rutter Wm C Rogers                      
    123 same same Saml Ware S Ware                      
    400 same same Mary Stewart same                      
  50   same same John Dobbins Robt Dobbins M Lyon                    
    74 same same Margaret Dodds Jas T White                      
    200 same same Isaac[?] Robison Jno Swift M Lyon Jnr                    
    200 same same John Taylor                        
    200 same same same                        
  30   same Lick Cr D Davidson D Davidson D Davidson                    
    200 same same J T White M Lyon                      
    400 same Dryfork Eddy Ck Danl McArthur Jno McArthur                      
    200 same Skinframe       1 4 11 9     1   $200  
  totals   1480 3485 = 4965                            
24   Chittenden Lyon     200 same Lick Ck Clary Gusbaix Isaac Grubbs                      
    175 same same Nancy Ware N Ware N Ware 1   1 1         $100  
15   Elijah G Galusha     400 Caldwell Hammonds Ck Enoch Males E Males   1 1 3 3         $100  
22 4 Jul Kirkpatrick     37½ same Skinframe                          
36   John Throop Senr                 1                  
36   John Throop Junr                 1     1         $50  
7 7 Dec Josiah Cobb     200 Caldwell Skinframe Andw Jones A Jones A Jones 1 2   6            
23 16 Aug Griffin Long     400 same Spring G Long                        
    30 same Sugar Ck       1     8            

1813:

Page Date Name Land County Water course In whose names White above 21 Blacks above 16 Total Blacks Horses mares Stud horses Rates of covering Retail store Tavern Licenses Value of town lots Wheel carriages
1st rate 2nd rate 3rd rate Entered Surveyed Patented
9 1 Sep Cobb & Clark      

 

        2     2       1 $175  
23 12 Jul Matthew Lyon Senr                 1                  
23 12 Jul Chittenden Lyon   200   same Cumberland River Peter Johnston Peter Johnston David Walker                    
    200 same same same same same                    
  1000   same same Whitehead Coleman W Coleman W Coleman                    
  200   same Eddy Ck Joseph Robison Saml Ware Bulah Lyon                    
    200 same same John Maddox Matthew Lyon M Lyon                    
    200 same same Danl Haglston M Lyon M Lyon                    
    100 same same A Matthews same                      
24     200 Caldwell Eddy Ck Joel Pain M Lyon                      
    200 same same Robt Dobbins R Dobbins                      
    200 same same John Swift John Swift                      
    188 same same Edwd Rutter M Lyon                      
    123 same same Saml Ware same                      
    400 same same Mary Stewart same                      
  50   same same John Dobbins Robt Dobbins M Lyon                    
    74 same same Margaret Dodds Jas T White                      
    200 same same John Taylor                        
    200 same same same                        
    200 same Lick Ck Jas T White M Lyon                      
  30   same same David Davidson D Davidson D Davidson                    
    400 same Dryfork Eddy Ck Danl McArthur John McArthur                      
    200 same Skinframe John Richey                        
    200 same Lick Ck Clary Galusha Isaac Grubbs                      
    175 same same Nancy Ware N Ware   1 4 15 12     1   $210  
  totals   1480 3660 = 5140                            
24   Matthew Lyon Junr     200 same Eddy Ck John Swift John Swift                      
    200 same same Isrial Robison same M Lyon Junr 1   2 1         $15  
15   Elijah G Galusha     400 Caldwell Eddy Ck E Mayles E Mayles   1     2            
36   John Troop Senr                 1                  
36   John W Throop Junr                 1     2            
7   Josiah Cobb     200 Caldwell Skinframe Andw Jones A Jones A Jones 1 2 2 6            
22   Griffin Long     400 same Spring Ck G Long G Long   1     5            

For the following years see:

1814-1818 1819-1823 1824-1828 1829-1835 1836-1841 1842-1845 1845-1848

I have copies of each of the pages extracted above. Please contact me for clarification or copies, using the link below.

Source: Abstracts were made from Family History Library films of Caldwell Co. Tax Lists, FHL #7906


 

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